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Border Collie

Border Collie

Prized for his intelligence, herding instinct and working ability, the Border Collie was developed more than a century ago in Britain. An intense and tractable worker, the Border Collie is a highly energetic breed that thrives with vigorous exercise, a job and space to run. The Border Collie is an affectionate family dog that does best with mature children due to his tendency to herd people. His coat sheds seasonally and requires regular brushing.

DID YOU KNOW? The Border Collie became popular in the 19th century when Queen Victoria became a fan of the breed.

ALSO KNOWN AS: Scottish Sheep Dog; sometimes confused with the related Welsh Sheep Dog ('ci defaid' in Welsh)

The need-to-know
  • Dog suitable for experienced owners
  • Extra training required
  • Enjoys vigorous walks
  • Enjoys walking more than two hours a day
  • Medium dog
  • Some drool
  • Requires grooming every other day
  • Non hypoallergenic breed
  • Chatty and vocal dog
  • Guard dog. Barks and alerts
  • May require training to live with other pets
  • May require training to live with kids
Border Collie

Pet Card

  • Living Considerations: Not hypoallergenic, suitable for apartment living, good with older children
  • Size: Medium
  • Height: Males - 48 to 56 centimetres at the withers, Females - 45 to 53 centimetres at the withers
  • Weight: Males -13 to 20 kilograms, Females - 12 to 19 kilograms
  • Coat: Medium/Long
  • Energy: High
  • Colour: All colours or colour combinations
  • Activities: Agility, Conformation, Herding, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Tracking
  • Indoor/Outdoor: Both

Key Facts

Lifespan: 12–15 years
Weight: 14–20kg
Height: 48–53cm
Colours: The coat can either be smooth or of medium length and the most common colour is black and white, although other colours with white are also seen – e.g. brown, blue merle, red and tricolour
Size: Medium
Kennel Club group: Pastoral

Ratings

Family-friendly: 4/5
Exercise needs: 5/5
Easy to train: 5/5
Tolerates being alone: 1/5
Likes other pets: 3/5
Energy level: 5/5
Grooming needs: 3/5
Shedding: 3/5
Border Collie

Personality

Border Collies are always ready to work, attentive, lively and alert. They will form a very close bond with their owner and family but, unless given plenty of time and exercise, they are not ideal pets for a family with very young children, as it’s in their nature to herd anything that moves - your children included! If not kept physically and mentally stimulated they will become bored, developing behavioural problems or getting into mischief, as their brains are always active.

The Border Collie will suit an extremely active owner who is able to give them plenty of exercise, enjoys training, and who wants a very full-on dog.

Border Collie

History and Origins

The Border Collie dog breed dates back to the 1700s, although it wasn’t given its present name until 1915. Border Collies worked with shepherds in the border area between Scotland and England for hundreds of years, being bred purely for their working ability. Some Border breeders fear emphasis on looks and beauty could lead to the breed's ruination and, therefore, still concentrate primarily on their working qualities. There are often differences between show and working strains.

did you know?

Did you Know?

  • There are many theories on how Collies got their names but as ‘collie’ is Gaelic for ‘useful’ perhaps it’s as simple as Scottish farmers recognising one of the key traits of their dogs.
  • American psychologist Dr. Stanley Coren classified the Border Collie as the most intelligent breed of dog, ranking first out of 133 breeds.
  • Border Collies are known for their intense stare, allowing them to control a flock with a simple glance.
  • This breed is highly sensitive and doesn’t respond well to harsh treatment or loud noises.
  • If not well socialised, the Border Collie can become very shy and wary of other dogs and people.

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